Search Results for: religion


Church attendance – Confidence in the church – Importance of God – Traditional beliefs

Many Europeans are proud of it. Some think it is too bad. However, both agree: Europe is a secularized continent. Europeans do not go to church anymore, they do not believe in God anymore, and they do not seem to be religious at all. Are these assumptions true? It depends. Unmistakable, some of them are not. One thing is for sure: the old continent is not as secularized at it seems.


Chart Importance of God, Source: Atlas of European Values

About half of all the Europeans pray or meditate at least once a week. Three out of four Europeans say they are religious persons. Of course, there is a big gap between the more secularized north-western European countries and the more traditional south-eastern ones. However, even in a country like Holland, famous for its liberal tradition, one in four of all the inhabitants attend church. Nevertheless, one assumption is true: most European churches attract fewer believers every year. Especially in the western part of the continent, the old religious institutions are deteriorating, show analyses of the European Values Studies.

However, people who consider themselves as atheists are a small minority, except in France, where almost 15 percent say they are atheist. It is obvious that a vast majority of all the Europeans nominate themselves as religious persons. There are even more people who consider themselves as religious as there are people who attend church. It is a kind of ‘believing without belonging’. People pick and choose religious beliefs, doctrines, and practices and they are mixing and matching them, as they would select food in a cafeteria. Sociologists talk about this trend as a ‘cafeteria religion’, or as ‘church-free spirituality’. Europeans remain religious, their approach is eclectic, and they borrow ideas from several traditions. Meanwhile, many institutionalized churches, especially in the West, are running empty.


Chart Visit religious services, Source: Atlas of European Values



Chart Believing, Source: Atlas of European Values

EVS2017: New book published

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The Czech and Slovak teams of EVS released the book “Living apart together? Czechia and Slovakia through the lense of value development after 1991”

RABUŠIC, Ladislav, Zuzana KUSÁ, Beatrice Elena CHROMKOVÁ MANEA a Katarína STRAPCOVÁ. Odděleně spolu? Česko a Slovensko optikou vývoje hodnot po roce 1991. 1. vyd. : Slovart, 2019. 428 s. nezadána. ISBN 978-80-556-4590-2. “

The edited monograph presents an analysis of the development of values ​​in the Czechia and Slovakia in the period 1991-2017. The main aim of the book is to capture the extent to which the modernization of both companies after 1990 and the separation of both companies in 1993 had an impact on different value developments. The analysis of value trends is made possible by the longitudinal sociological international research European Values ​​Study, of which the Czechia and Slovakia have been a member since 1991. Quantitative data is obtained through a standardized questionnaire that allows international comparison. In addition to the introduction, the methodological chapter and the conclusion, the book has a total of 12 chapters, which are organized into four sections thematically: I Family, children and gender roles; II. Labor, subjective well-being and social capital; III. Religion and social solidarity; IV Politics, national identity and migration.

The basic hypothesis of the book is that, in line with modernization theory, we should expect value structures and preferences to converge gradually during the 1991-2017 period, although they might differ at the beginning of the period under review due to different socio-economic and cultural bases.

EVS Regional meeting in Sofia

On 28-29th of November 2019 at New Bulgarian University, Sofia, was held Workshop with the participation of researchers from  Bulgaria, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Greece, Cyprus, Romania, Slovenia, North Macedonia, Serbia, Turkey, Croatia, Montenegro in connection with the Fifth Wave of the European Values Study (EVS).

Discussions on the Main Topic of the International Academic Conference “Valuation of Values in South-Eastern Europe” to be held on 2-5 July 2020 in Sofia, Bulgaria, which will include the following panels:

Panel I. The end of Balkanization: a traumatic past and new perspectives
Panel II. Cultural diversity and pan-European values
Panel III. Satisfaction with life and work
Panel IV. Religion and quasi-religious beliefs
Panel V. The family
Panel VI. National and European identity
Panel VII. Politics, Democracy, trust in institutions
Panel VIII. Education, market economy, inequalities
Panel IX. Tolerance and solidarity
Panel X. Young generations and revolution of hopes?

Regional cooperation issues were discussed such as: a Project of a Book of Participant Articles to be published in English and in the national languages ​​of the countries of South-Eastern Europe; Interpersonal discussions of the participants in the Workshop with a view to co-authorship on the topics of the conference and the thematic structure of the Collection; Negotiation for future international projects. Establish and strengthen regional academic contacts and so on; Exchange of research, learning experience.

      The participants appreciated the Workshop as a very successful start for future regional cooperation.

10th LCSR International Workshop 6-10 April 2020

The Laboratory for Comparative Social Research of the National Research University Higher School of Economics announces a call for the 10th LCSR International Workshop, which will be held within the XXI April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development. It will take place in Moscow from the 6th till 10th of April 2020. The submission deadline is December 20, 2019.

Workshop topics include but are not limited to:

  • human values and cultural change
  • gender (in)equality and gender attitudes
  • subjective well-being and happiness
  • trust, social capital and corruption
  • tolerance, nationalism and migration
  • political regimes and institutions
  • populism and conservatism in Europe and Russia
  • value polarization in Europe and Russia
  • religion and secularization
  • cross-cultural data collection and analysis

Keynote speakers are:

Christian Welzel LCSR HSE, Russia; Leuphana University, Germany

Ronald F. Inglehart LCSR HSE, Russia; University of Michigan, USA

Hanspeter Kriesi LCSR HSE, Russia; European University Institute, Italy

Working language is English. The submission deadline is December 20, 2019. The notification of acceptance will be sent by January 20, 2020.

Please submit to the following documents:

  1. 2 pages Curriculum Vitae;
  2. 5 pages Project Description: title, abstract of 250 words, main goal, brief literature review, main hypotheses, data description, methodology and preliminary results (Template for Proposal)
  3. your application should meet the following requirements: (1) the paper should be empirical and comparative (more than 2-3 countries / country regions) using quantitative methods; (2) the topic of the paper should address one of the workshop’s topics or the topics of the LCSR.

The participation is free of charge. LCSR has an opportunity to cover travel and accommodation expenses for the best papers.

The values ​​of the Finnish Swedes mapped

Parallel to the EVS2017 a special unique survey has been conducted among Swedish-speaking Finns. The synergies with the Central team of EVS and the observance of the EVS methodological guidelines allow scholars to benefit of additional data on values.

The values ​​of the Finnish Swedes have been mapped by researchers at the University of Helsinki in the comprehensive and unique study EVS Svensk Finland. For the first time, it is now possible to make direct comparisons between Finnish Swedes, other Finns and residents around Europe. EVS Sweden Finland is part of the European Values ​​Study (EVS) study that has been conducted regularly since 1981. The survey consists of about 300 questions that are sent out to the citizens of European countries every nine years, thus creating a material that can be compared over time and between countries. The data provides broad insights into Europeans’ values, opinions and attitudes regarding family life, work, environment, view of life, politics and society, religion and morality and national identity. The study was previously conducted in Finland, but only in Finnish and without Åland. Swedish-speaking Finns are thus under-represented in the Finnish EVS survey. Other surveys conducted in Swedish Finland often focus on the Finnish Swedes as an individual group, while EVS Svensk Finland is a unique study that places the Finnish Swedes in a broader context. The data collection was done in 2018–2019 among 3,600 Swedish-speaking Finns.

EVS Sweden Finland has been implemented by state scientists Åsa von Schoultz, Staffan Himmelroos and Isak Vento at the University of Helsinki, with funding from the Swedish Literary Society in Finland. The collected data will be available through the Finnish Social Science Data Archive in Tampere in early 2020. The information can also be obtained directly from the researchers. Data and documentation will be made also available through the GESIS Data Archive.

Original source of the post:

“Comparing Values in (post)-crisis Europe”


Thursday 10 October

9:00 – 10.00 Welcoming speeches

George Sharvashidze, Rector of Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University

Merab Pachulia,  Managing Director of GORBI and National Program Director of EVS in Georgia Video

Loek Halman, Chair of the European Values Study


10:30 – 11:50 European identity, political values and dynamics of value change Chair: Markus Quandt

Kseniya Kizilova – Patterns and Dynamics of National and European Identities in Central and Eastern Europe Abstract Video

Pepijn van Houwelingen, Plamen Akaliyski, Jurjen Iedema, Paul Dekker – Convergence of political values? A multi-level analysis of developments among EU countries 1990-2017 Abstract Presentation Video

Frédéric Gonthier – Who drives the increase in authoritarian values? Abstract  Presentation Video

Quita Muis, Tim Reesken, Inge Sieben – Different Across, Similar Within? Educational Polarization in Social and Political Attitudes Abstract Presentation Video

12:00 – 13:00 Economic insecurity   and attitudes towards Welfare Chair: Edurne Bartolomé Peral

Carriero Renzo, Marianna Filandri – Explaining longitudinal and cross-country changes in support for conditional unemployment benefits Abstract Presentation Video

Julia Zelikova – Ageing of Population and Social Justice  Abstract Video

Michael Ochsner – Social Responsibility of the State? The Welfare State and Legitimacy of the State Abstract  Presentation  Video

14:15 –  15:55  Special Session: Religion, national identity and pro-choice values  Chair: Gergely Rosta

Keynote Speaker:

David Voas – The power of nones: Why secularization matters  Video

Selected contributions:

Francesco Molteni – Burning the bridge with the past: religion and national identity after the fall of the Berlin Wall Abstract Presentation Video

Jara Kampmann – Does Atheism matter? – Atheism’s influence on homophobia in Europe – EVS data revisited Abstract Video

Veronica Kostenko – Dynamics of nationalism and pro-choice values relations: the cases of post-Soviet and Balkan states Abstract Presentation

16:25 – 17:45 Family , gender and generations  Chair: Ferruccio Biolcati Rinaldi

Zuzanna Brzozowska – Are family values multidimensional? Evidence from the last three decades in Europe Abstract Video

Natalia Soboleva – Parental family and country context as determinants of gender-role attitudes in Europe (the evidence of EVS data) Abstract Presentation Video

Gevorg Poghosyan  – The new Values for the new generation Abstract

Ana Lortkipanidze – Aging and Ageism in Comparison Abstract Video

Friday 11 October

9:00 – 11:00 Special session: Measurement equivalence and validity in cross-cultural research Chair: Dominique Joyce

Christian Welzel  – Measurement Equivalence? A Tale of False Obsessions and a Cure  Presentation  Video

Bart Meuleman – Measurement equivalence: Between Statistical Dogmatism and Anything Goes   Video

Selected contributions:

Boris Sokolov – Cross-national and cross-level measurement equivalence of choice and gender equality values in the EVS 2017 Abstract Video

Vera Lomazzi – Gender role attitudes in EVS2017: is the measurement improved? Abstract Video

11:30 – 12:15  Dealing with non-response and interview falsification Chair: Ruud Luijkx

Lucy Flynn – Interview falsification: an exploratory analysis Abstract_  Presentation   Video 

Dustin Gilbreath – How predictable is item non-response in Georgia? Abstract Presentation Video

13:30 – 15:10  Illiberal democracies and  populisms Chair: Lucy Flynn

Malina Voicu, Ioana Ramia, Claudiu Tufiș – Measurement of radical populism in Romania: dimensions and over time change Abstract  Presentation   Video

Hristo P. Todorov – Present Challenges to European Values Abstract

Olga Lavrinenko – The conditional effects of the economic insecurity on the voting for the populist parties in the European Union     Abstract

Bogdan Voicu – Remitting Populism? Abstract Video

15:30 – 16:30 Attitudes towards migration  Chair: Natalia Soboleva

Ferruccio Biolcati – Rinaldi, Riccardo Ladini – Who do you prefer not to have as a neighbour? An “immigrant” or a “foreign worker”? Evidence from a survey experiment in the Italian edition of the European Values Study – World Values Survey 2017 Abstract Presentation   Video

Horatiu M. Rusu – Civic and ethnic ethos and attitudes toward immigrants Abstract Video

Kathrin Bush – Hostility towards immigrants: Economic and Cultural Threat perceptions as causes in times of the economic crises and rising numbers of immigration Abstract Video

16:30 – 17:00 Closing remarks

Chairs: Vera Lomazzi and Loek Halman

“Christians and Muslims make little difference”

An article on Religion gives evidence to some of the results discussed during the event presenting the book “Quo vadis, Österreich? Werwandel zwischen 1990 und 2018” on July 18, 2019. In particular, the fact that religious lines of conflict between the “strong Muslim block and the weakening Christian block” cannot be empirically proven in Austria in this way.

According to the value researcher Regina Polak EVS results in Austria would reveal cross-denominational differences between men and women, young and old, as well as urban and rural residents. When moderator Susanne Mauthner-Weber (“Kurier”) asked whether religion is a unifying or separating factor in society, Polak replied: “Both. Religions are inhomogeneous in themselves.”

The full article (in orginal language) is available here.

Translated with

Presentation of EVS results in the Netherlands

Results of the Dutch European Values Study were presented at the Annual Symposium of the Dutch journal ‘Religie en Samenleving‘ (Religion and Society) at Tilburg University, the Netherlands. Inge Sieben talked about trends between 1981 and 2017, and Tim Reeskens about value polarization between educational groups.

In addition, there were workshops on the educational projects of EVS (Gijs van Gaans, Fontys) and (Inge Sieben).

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