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Religion

Church attendance – Confidence in the church – Importance of God – Traditional beliefs

Many Europeans are proud of it. Some think it is too bad. However, both agree: Europe is a secularized continent. Europeans do not go to church anymore, they do not believe in God anymore, and they do not seem to be religious at all. Are these assumptions true? It depends. Unmistakable, some of them are not. One thing is for sure: the old continent is not as secularized at it seems.

importanceofgod

Chart Importance of God, Source: Atlas of European Values

About half of all the Europeans pray or meditate at least once a week. Three out of four Europeans say they are religious persons. Of course, there is a big gap between the more secularized north-western European countries and the more traditional south-eastern ones. However, even in a country like Holland, famous for its liberal tradition, one in four of all the inhabitants attend church. Nevertheless, one assumption is true: most European churches attract fewer believers every year. Especially in the western part of the continent, the old religious institutions are deteriorating, show analyses of the European Values Studies.

However, people who consider themselves as atheists are a small minority, except in France, where almost 15 percent say they are atheist. It is obvious that a vast majority of all the Europeans nominate themselves as religious persons. There are even more people who consider themselves as religious as there are people who attend church. It is a kind of ‘believing without belonging’. People pick and choose religious beliefs, doctrines, and practices and they are mixing and matching them, as they would select food in a cafeteria. Sociologists talk about this trend as a ‘cafeteria religion’, or as ‘church-free spirituality’. Europeans remain religious, their approach is eclectic, and they borrow ideas from several traditions. Meanwhile, many institutionalized churches, especially in the West, are running empty.

visitreligiousservices

Chart Visit religious services, Source: Atlas of European Values

 

Believing_large

Chart Believing, Source: Atlas of European Values

Job offer – Junior researcher

The Department of Sociology at Tilburg University is looking for an enthusiastic Junior researcher – project “European Values Study in the Social Sciences & Humanities Open Cloud Infrastructure” (0.8-1.0 fte for 10 months)

As a Junior Researcher, you will participate in research projects of the European Values Study (EVS). EVS (www.europeanvaluesstudy.eu) is a large-scale, cross-national, and longitudinal survey research program on basic human values. It provides insights into the ideas, beliefs, preferences, attitudes, values, and opinions of citizens all over Europe. It is a unique research project on how Europeans think about life, family, work, religion, politics, and society; it started in 1981. The Social Sciences & Humanities Open Cloud (SSHOC) is a EU-Horizon 2020 funded a program (www.sshopencloud.eu). 

In this context, the main focus will be on surveycodings.org: a facility to develop further the coding of variables that are crucial in surveys, e.g., educational level, occupation, religion, and other core demographic variables. EVS is cooperating here with other European surveys, and will extend the scope to global social surveys. Focus for the coming period will be to standardize and harmonize codings further and make them available within surveycodings.org. The Junior Researcher may also be involved in other activities of the EVS.


Job description 

  • The main tasks of the Junior researcher are the following:
  • Standardising and harmonizing codings and looking for translations in different languages;
  • Making these codings available to the research community by further developing the surveycodings.org website, writing blogs and other materials for survey research programs;
  • Assisting in developing a sustainable infrastructure for codings for the years to come;
  • Administrative / support tasks.
     
Requirements
  • You have (or will soon receive) a (research) master degree;
  • You have good knowledge of quantitative research methods and statistical programs like SPSS, Stata and/or R;
  • You are willing to learn, are open for feedback; 
  • You have good communication and teamwork skills;
  • You have a good command of English.

Employment conditions and information for applying are available here.

Specific information about the vacancy can be obtained from Dr. Ruud Luijkx,  principal investigator and chair of the Executive Committee of EVS: r.luijkx@tilburguniversity.edu 

The closing date for applications is 6 April 2021. The interviews will take place in April 13, 2021. The anticipated starting date for the position is 1 May 2021.

Webinar: Value changes in pandemic times, 2020.11.27

Organized by the Romanian Group for Studying Social Values, this webinar brought together scholars from the community studying social values, and contributes to understanding the changes that Covid19 brings to the social fabric.

Four academic presentations, based on accepted papers in a special issue of European Societies, are proposed. A final discussion of common messages in the papers is delivered by Vera Lomazzi13

  • Tim Reeskens10, Quita Muis10, Inge Sieben10, Leen Vandecasteele11, Ruud Luijkx10 & Loek Halman10 Stability or change of public opinion and values during the coronavirus crisis? Exploring Dutch longitudinal panel data (Full paper here)
  • Malina Voicu1 & Delia Bădoi1, Fertility and the COVID-19 crisis: do gender roles really matter? (Full paper here)
  • Francesco Molteni12, Riccardo Ladini12, Ferruccio Biolcati Rinaldi12, Antonio M. Chiesi12, Giulia Maria Dotti Sani12, Simona Guglielmi12, Marco Maraffi12, Andrea Pedrazzani12, Paolo Segatti12 & Cristiano Vezzoni12. Searching for comfort in religion: insecurity and religious behaviour during the COVID-19 pandemic in Italy (Full paper here)
  • Bogdan Voicu1,2, Edurne Bartolomé Peral3, Horațiu Rusu2,1, Gergely Rosta4,5, Mircea Comșa6, Octavian-Marian Vasile1,7, Lluís Coromina 8, Claudiu D. Tufis9. COVID-19 and orientations towards solidarity. The cases of Spain, Hungary, and Romania (Full paper available soon)

00:00:00 Start streaming 00:11:24 Start of the Webinar 00:14:30 Tim Reeskens 00:46:04 Delia Bădoi & Malina Voicu 01:17:16 Francesco Molteni 01:50:03 Bogdan Voicu 02:18:52 Vera Lomazzi

Webinar: Value changes in pandemic times

On Friday, 27th of November at 10 (CET), the Romanian Group for Studying Social Values organizes the webinar “Value changes in pandemic times“.

The webinar brings together scholars from the community studying social values, and contributes to understanding the changes that Covid19 brought to the social fabric.

Four academic presentations are proposed:

  • Tim Reeskens10, Quita Muis10, Inge Sieben10, Leen Vandecasteele11, Ruud Luijkx10 & Loek Halman10 Stability or change of public opinion and values during the coronavirus crisis? Exploring Dutch longitudinal panel data (Full paper here)
  • Malina Voicu1 & Delia Bădoi1, Fertility and the COVID-19 crisis: do gender roles really matter? (Full paper here)
  • Francesco Molteni12, Riccardo Ladini12, Ferruccio Biolcati Rinaldi12, Antonio M. Chiesi12, Giulia Maria Dotti Sani12, Simona Guglielmi12, Marco Maraffi12, Andrea Pedrazzani12, Paolo Segatti12 & Cristiano Vezzoni12. Searching for comfort in religion: insecurity and religious behaviour during the COVID-19 pandemic in Italy (Full paper here)
  • Bogdan Voicu1,2, Edurne Bartolomé Peral3, Horațiu Rusu2,1, Gergely Rosta4,5, Mircea Comșa6, Octavian-Marian Vasile1,7, Lluís Coromina 8, Claudiu D. Tufis9. COVID-19 and orientations towards solidarity. The cases of Spain, Hungary, and Romania (Full paper available soon)

All presentations are based on accepted papers in a special issue of European Societies.

There are allotted 20 minutes for presentation, followed by 15 minutes for questions, comments, and answers. A final discussion of common messages in the papers will be delivered by Vera Lomazzi13.

Attending the webinar is free, but registration is necessary.

The event is supported by the Romanian Quantitative Studies Association and the Research Institute
for Quality of Life
 (Grant GAR-UM-2019-XI-5.3-9).

Affiliations of the authors:
1
Romanian Academy, Research Institute for Quality of Life; 2Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, Department of Sociology; 3University of Deusto – Bilbao, Department of International Relations and Humanities; 4Pázmány Péter Catholic University, Institute of Sociology; 5University of Münster; 6Babeș-Bolyai University, Department of Sociology; 7 University of Bucharest, Department of Sociology; 8 University of Girona, Department of Economics; 9 University of Bucharest, Department of Political Science; 10 Tilburg University, Department of Sociology; 11 Institute for Social Sciences at the University of Lausanne; 12 University of Milan, Department of Social and Political Science;13 GESIS Leibniz-Institute for Social Sciences

How Italians change. Values and attitudes from the eighties to today

The joint EVS-WVS Italian team published the book “Come cambiano gli italiani, Valori e atteggiamenti dagli anni Ottanta a oggi” (How Italians change. Values and attitudes from the eighties to today).

How have Italians changed from the 1980s to today? How have Italians’ attitudes towards society, politics, work, family, religion, the European Union, science, the environment changed? Organized in fifteen short chapters dedicated to individual themes of great cultural, social and political relevance, the book presents the unpublished results of a major survey on the values of Europeans and Italians. Thanks to the comparison with similar data from previous research, the authors can conduct an in-depth analysis of the opinions and attitudes of Italians over the last forty years and measure the underlying trends of public opinion and our society over time.

Edited by Ferruccio Biolcati, Giancarlo Rovati and Paolo Segatti, the book includes chapters drafted by members of the Italian team and other Italian value scholars.

Documentation – Survey 2017

Documentation of the EVS 2017 Integrated dataset (full release): as of May 2021

Guidelines related to all EVS 2017 data files (study and variable level)

Methodological information (study level)

  Master Questionnaire: CAPI and CAWI questionnaires.

  Variable and harmonization reports (variable level)

EVS2017 Country level information

       Field questionnaires and summarized information on fieldwork

Ruud Luijkx presents EVS in Yogyakarta

Ruud Luijkx was keynote speaker at the 4th International Conference of Social Science and Education in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, on 4-5 August 2020.

He presented the European Values Study project and the first results from the fifth wave of EVS.

The conferences focused on the them: RECONSTRUCTING MORAL, EDUCATION, AND SOCIAL SCIENCES FOR ACHIEVING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS and offered the keynote speeches of Dr. Ruud Luijkx (Tilburg University), Prof. Dr. Komaruddin Hidayat (Professor of Phylosophy of Religion, UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, Indonesia), Prof. Brian Stout (Dean of School of Social Science, Western Sydney University).

Host:  Faculty of Social Sciences, Yogyakarta State University

Co-Host:

  1. Universitas Negeri Jakarta (UNJ) 
  2. Universitas Negeri Malang (UM)
  3. Universitas Metro Lampung (UM Metro)
  4. Universiti Teknologi MARA  (UiTM)​
  5. Universitas Bunda Mulia (UBM)​
  6. Perkumpulan Prodi Pendidikan Sejarah Se-Indonesia​

EVS2017: Results in spain

Valores en la era de la incertidumbre: individualismos y solidaridades

The Spanish EVS team published the book “Valores en la era de la incertidumbre: individualismos y solidaridades”, edited by María Silvestre Cabrera (former EVS National Program Director in Spain).

The book focuses on the EVS2017 results in Spain, whose fieldwork took place between late 2017 and early 2018. It consists of almost one hundred questions on the values of citizenship, values that are grouped into large thematic dimensions of analysis: family, work, friendships, leisure, politics, religion, personal satisfaction and quality of life, attitudes towards migratory movements, social capital, social solidarity, identities, etc.
This fifth wave shows us a Spanish society that was beginning to feel the relief of the hardships of the economic crisis, but that had very close to its memory. This has meant that uncertainty and precariousness persist but, at the same time, hand in hand with an individualism that is based on the defence of free choice, new forms of solidarity have emerged that recognise the vulnerable person as being close to them, in a recognisable situation of which they are not to blame, which provokes empathy and social recognition. Individualism persists, even in times of uncertainty, but it is not alien to social solidarity. But it also shows us a dual Spain, which shares in a very unanimous way certain fundamental principles, such as support for democracy or the legitimacy of the welfare state, but which, in others, reminds us that this country has been trying for centuries to string together diverse identities, dual ideologies and a social stratification that is not quite egalitarian.

Content:

Introducción, María Silvestre Cabrera
Capítulo 1. Bienestar personal, asociacionismo y participación ciudadana, Ane Ferrán, Cinta Guinot y Bakarne Etxeberria
Capítulo 2. Familia, género y cambio social: un acercamiento a los valores familiares en el imaginario colectivo de la sociedad española, Raquel Royo, Lía González y Maialen Suárez
Capítulo 3. El valor del trabajo, Iratxe Aristegui, Usue Beloki y Estíbaliz Linares
Capítulo 4. El valor del ocio: significado y evolución, Joseba Doistua, Idurre Lazcano y Aurora Madariaga
Capítulo 5. Valores y creencias religiosas de los españoles, Manuel M. Urrutia
Capítulo 6. Los valores políticos de los españoles: actitudes políticas, confianza en instituciones, eficacia política y postmaterialismo, Edurne Bartolomé, Jone Goirigolzarri y Maite Aurrekoetxea
Capítulo 7. Preguntas de ayer, respuestas de mañana: confianza en el estado del bienestar y centralidad del cuidado, Felix Arrieta, Ainhoa Izaguirre y Martín Zuñiga
Capítulo 8. Capital social, solidaridad e identidades, Rafael Leonisio y María Silvestre
Capítulo 9. Actitudes y valores ante las personas migrantes, Patricia Espinosa, Mabel Segú y Edurne González
Capítulo 10. Evolución de los valores finalistas y principios éticos en España y Europa (2008-2017): ¿hemos cambiado?, Arantxa Rodríguez-Berrio, Emma Sobremonte y Amaia Mosteiro
Capítulo 11. Una tipología de la sociedad española en cuatro clústeres, Javier Elzo y Jon P. Laka
Aspectos metodológicos en torno a la oleada de 2017 de la Encuesta Europea de Valores, Rafael Leonisio y Edurne Bartolomé
Anexo. Cuestionario

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