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Past, Present and Future of the study of European Values

The venue: University of Bergamo, Italy

The Italian team of the European Values Study/World Values Survey hosts the annual General Assembly of EVS, the meeting of the Liaison Committee of EVS-WVS, and the international scientific event “European Values and the Values of Europe” alongside the Third Italian conference of EVS/WVS data users “Crisis after Crisis: Values Change in Italy”.

The event takes place at the University of Bergamo on (28)- 29-30 September 2022 with a rich program for the sessions open to the public.

On September 29th, the keynote session “European values and social identities” with Dr. Plamen Akaliyski and Dr. Simona Guglielmi, addresses relevant issues in current Europe societies, such as cultural integration and national and European identity. Later, during the roundtable on “Studying Values in Turbolent Europe“, Dr. Michale Ochsner (FORS, EVS Standing Group) chairs the discussion on current challenges and future prospects for values research with Ruud Luijks (EVS), Kseniya Kizilova (WVS/WAPOR), Andrea Bonaccorsi (University of Pisa and IRVAPP-FBK), and Gabi Lombardo (European Alliance for Social Sciences and Humanities).

On 29th afternoon and on 30th, the Third Italian conference of EVS/WVS data users takes place with selected presentations (sessions in English/Italian).

The event takes place in person.

Organizing Committee
Vera Lomazzi (University of Bergamo), Ferruccio Biolcati (University of Milan), Giancarlo Rovati (Catholic University of Milan), Ruud Luijkx (Tilburg University, University of Trento)


THE VALUES OF LIVING TOGETHER

The last issue of Intercultura includes the Proceedings of the 11th Forum on Intercultural Learning and Exchange, entitled THE VALUES OF LIVING TOGETHER – How to assess their evolution within intercultural student exchanges (trimestrale_intercultura_n105_2022.pdf (fondazioneintercultura.org)

The issue contains the following contribution by Ferruccio (who reads in copy) and myself on value change and some insights from EVS and WVS data:

Biolcati, F., & Ladini, R. (2022), On Values As They Evolve: A Presentation of the World Values Survey and the European Values Study, Intercultura, 105, II Trimester, 11-18.

Social Values and Identities in the Black Sea Area

Malina Voicu and Kseniya Kizilova proposes a special issue in Frontiers of Sociology.

The Black Sea has always been an area of vivid economic and cultural exchange, located at the intersection of different political systems and local cultures. Depending on the historical moment, the economic and cultural exchange varied, leading to the development of national cultures in the area, having their own individuality and bearing at the same time the touch of the common history. Thus, this is the place where the Byzantine Empire, followed by the Ottoman Empire, met with Russia and with the influences of West European culture in the Middle Ages. Later on, during the Cold War, this is the place where the Soviet Union and its satellite countries from Southeast Europe met with modern Turkey, which was at the time a member of NATO. After 1991, the area witnessed the political changes that occurred after the former USSR dissolved, which came together with the development of new national states and with significant changes of political and economic systems, as well as with new international alliances. All these cultural encounters, together with the clash of various political systems may led to the development of a unique cultural space, fostering political identities and social values.
This topic aims at studying the culture and identity in the Black Sea area, inquiring the existence of a common political identity relying on a similar cultural background. The research project builds on the revised modernization theory, combining several perspectives rooted in The end of history and the last men of Francisc Fukuyama, Huntington’s Clash of Civilizations and Inglehart’s Cultural Evolution to shed light on how the struggle for survival combined with the clash of various political and religious cultures lead to the development of a common cultural and political identity with significant impact on the path to social development of the region.

The topic proposes an interdisciplinary approach by bringing together contributions from political science, sociology, international relations and security studies to analyze what is the common background of cultural and social identity in the Black Sea area and what are the roots of this background. In defining the Black Sea region we suggest going beyond the geographical and historical perspectives and also consider trade, geopolitics, existing international and regional policy initiatives and international relations/organizations operating in the region. We encourage submissions approaching the topic from a holistic perspective, looking at the cultural space, not limited to the geographical one, inquiring to what extent the historical path contributed to the creation of a common cultural space and what is the contribution of economics, politics, and international relations to its development. Can we talk about a single cultural frontier relying on the common heritage or about several frontiers delineating distinctive sub-regional cultural patterns? Submissions using quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods and employing an interdisciplinary perspective are equally welcome.

Abstract submission by 31 August 2022.

Manuscript due by 31 October 2022.

More information regarding the submission is available here.

Joint EVS/WVS Dataset 2017-2022

The Joint EVS/WVS Dataset includes the joint items that define the Common Core of the EVS and WVS questionnaires. In altogether 95 surveys more than 147.000 respondents from 88 countries/regions were interviewed.

The identical version of data and documentation of the Joint EVS/WVS (v3.0.0) is accessible through two channels:

Thank you, Loek Halman!

A highlight of the European Values Conference 2022 was the farewell to Loek Halman. Loek, who has been part of the EVS community for decades, retired from Tilburg University in September 2021. Because public life in the Netherlands, alike most countries of the Western hemisphere, were hampered with COVID-19 restrictions, his close colleagues were unable to organize an appropriate farewell party to Loek at that time. The local organizing team (consisting of Ruud Luijkx, Quita Muis, Tim Reeskens and Inge Sieben) decided that the European Values Conference 2022 was the most suitable moment to celebrate Loek Halman and his contribution to European Values Study.

Preceding Loek’s farewell, the Dutch EVS team has secretly been working to bring together a so-called ‘Liber Amicorum’, a book of friends. For this book, they invited several EVS national program directors, Loek’s colleagues at Tilburg University, and his ‘compagnons de route’ to submit a chapter of approx. 3,000 words; the only request was to rely on EVS data or inspire the study of European values. In the end, 32 chapters and a preface by Wim van de Donk (Rector Magnificus at Tilburg University) were written around five main themes that reflect Loek Halman’s scholarly interest. First of all, several chapters discuss theoretical and methodological challenges in the study of values. A second line of research revolves around the sociology of religion. A third stream of papers presented comparative studies. Studies on the Netherlands composed the fourth part of the book. And last but not least, the final section presented additional country case studies.

Before the official presentation of the book, Inge Sieben opened the session by reflecting on the work and life of Loek Halman. Ruud Luijkx then continued to discuss the importance of Loek to the European Values Study. David Voas was invited to give a keynote lecture on the parental transmission of religiosity. David gave an inspiring lecture with an overview of decades of research into the socialization of religiosity, combining several of his recent insights and also bridging to the EVS and Loek’s research interests. Part of David’s presentation can also be retrieved in his chapter (coauthored with Ingrid Storm) in the Liber Amicorum. With a speech reflecting on Loek’s academic life, Wim van de Donk, Rector Magnificus at Tilburg University, presented the first copy of the Liber Amicorum, titled Reflections on European Values: Honouring Loek Halmans’ Contribution to the European Values Study, to Loek. Tim Reeskens then briefly gave an overview of the content of this book. Last but not least, Loek gave a speech in which he reflected on his academic life, with not only memories to the decades he was committed to the EVS, but also how the EVS inspired his teaching activities.

The farewell to Loek Halman then continued with informal drinks followed by a dinner at Tilburg University’s Faculty Club. All his colleagues, several dressed in checked shirt (to many this was Loek’s dress code), were eager to share fond memories with Loek. It was a great and inspiring day!

Both the Liber Amicorum Reflections on European Values: Honouring Loek Halman, dedicated to Loek Halman, and the Atlas of European Values: Change and Continuity in Turbulent Times, Loek’s final publication, are published in an Open Access format by Open Press TiU. The books can be downloaded and/or ordered from the website www.evseries.eu. Pictures of the conference can be retrieved from this link.

European Values Conference 2022/05/10 – Keynote David Voas and Farewell to Loek Halman

The new Atlas of European Values

Do Europeans really feel European? Do they trust each other and are they solidary? What do they think of immigration and refugee influx? Do they want a greener and more sustainable Europe, and at what cost? Are democracy and human rights ingrained in Europe or are they under pressure?

A new edition (2022) of the ‘Atlas of European Values’ answers these and other questions related to pressing topics such as migration, democracy, sustainability, welfare, identity, and solidarity in an attractive, visual way. In the The Atlas of European Values: Change and Continuity in Turbulent Times (authors: Loek Halman, Tim Reeskens, Inge Sieben and Marga van Zundert), the reader will find maps, charts and graphs based on data from the European Values Study, combined with data from other scientific sources. Texts on current social theories and interviews with European scholars and thinkers clarify the findings. The foreword to the Atlas was written by President of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen.

This third edition of the Atlas of European Values has been published in the new European Values Series, open access at Open Press Tilburg University. This means that the Atlas is freely accessible to everyone and easily downloadable (in pdf-format).

The first copy of the Atlas of European Values was presented on Europe Day, 9 May 2022, in the House of the Dutch Provinces in Brussels by the authors and TiU rector magnificus Wim van de Donk to Robert de Groot, permanent representative of the Netherlands to the European Union. De Groot said that this Atlas is more important than ever: how are we going to unite on a continent that is so diverse and how can we ensure that we come out stronger from the war that is currently raging in Ukraine? According to him, the Atlas can help answer these pressing questions.

More information on the Atlas 2022, previous editions, and related projects can be found here.

Improving measurements by survey infrastructures synergies: insights from the revised gender role attitudes scale in EVS2017

In this recent article published in Quality & Quantity, Vera Lomazzi (secretary of the Executive Committee of EVS) uses the revised scale of gender role attitudes (GRA) surveyed in the fifth wave of the European Values Study (EVS2017) as an example to explore how cooperation between survey programmes can produce improved measurements in a context of methodological innovation.

Lomazzi, V. Improving measurements by survey infrastructures synergies: insights from the revised gender role attitudes scale in the european values study 2017Qual Quant (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11135-021-01312-6

Why Measurement Invariance Testing is Important in Comparative Values Research

In the upcoming webinar of the Monthly Multidisciplinary Webinars on Culture and Values organized by Plamen Akaliysky, Bart Meuleman member the EVS methodology group will address relevant issues concerning comparability in cross-cultural values research.

to register, fill this form.

Why Measurement Invariance Testing is Important in Comparative Values Research: Between Statistical Dogmatism and Anything Goes

Presenter: Bart Meuleman (KU Leuven)

Time: May 26 (Thu), 12:00-13:30 (CET).

Abstract: Over the past decades, tests for measurement equivalence have become increasingly popular in cross-national and cross-cultural research. Among various techniques (see van de Vijver et al. 2019 for an overview), multigroup confirmatory factor analysis (MGCFA) has become the method of choice to assess whether survey instruments can successfully travel linguistic and cultural borders (Davidov et al. 2014). The spread of this technique has contributed importantly to the concern for and understanding of the issue of comparability of measurements.

At the same time, however, the increased popularity of assessing measurement equivalence has brought along several challenges. First of all, many frequently-used instruments are found to violate (stricter levels of) equivalence, leaving researchers with puzzlement about the comparability of their valued survey data, and with uncertainty as to whether they could safely perform cross-group comparisons. Second, the rather technical nature of equivalence testing has stimulated the measurement literature to focus almost exclusively on statistical details, while neglecting the question of theoretical validity. As a reaction to these trends, some voices have called for ‘a paradigm shift’ away from the current practice of MGCFA-based equivalence testing (Welzel & Inglehart 2016; Welzel, Brunkert, Kruse & Inglehart, 2021).

In this contribution, I argue that testing for measurement invariance is still important for comparative value researchers; but that it is nevertheless useful to revisit the logic of equivalence testing. The presentation outlines the epistemological foundations of equivalence testing and its operationalization into concrete statistical procedures. By doing so, I show that some criticisms are based on misconceptions about measurement, while others can be addressed within the current framework of measurement equivalence.

References

Davidov, E., Meuleman, B., Cieciuch, J., Schmidt, P., & Billiet, J. (2014). Measurement equivalence in cross-national research. Annual review of sociology, 40, 55-75.

Meuleman, B., Żółtak, T., Pokropek, A., Davidov, E., Muthén, B., Oberski, D. L., … & Schmidt, P. (2022). Why Measurement Invariance is Important in Comparative Research. A Response to Welzel et al. (2021). Sociological Methods & Research, 00491241221091755.

Van de Vijver, F. J., Avvisati, F., Davidov, E., Eid, M., Fox, J. P., Le Donné, N., Lek, K., Meuleman, B., Paccagnella, M. & van de Schoot, R. (2019). Invariance analyses in large-scale studies. OECD Education Working Paper 201.

Welzel, C., & Inglehart, R. F. (2016). Misconceptions of measurement equivalence: Time for a paradigm shift. Comparative Political Studies, 49(8), 1068-1094.

Welzel, C., Brunkert, L., Kruse, S., & Inglehart, R. F. (2021). Non-invariance? An overstated problem with misconceived causes. Sociological Methods & Research, 0049124121995521.

Final release of the EVS 2017 Integrated Datasets

The final release of the EVS 2017 includes data and documentation of altogether 37 participating countries and two surveys of minorities.

What is new in the final release?

  • Latvia conducted the survey in 2021 and was included in the Integrated Dataset.
  • Ukrainian data published as an individual country dataset in May 2021 is also included in the Integrated Dataset. 
  • New harmonized variables for education: ISCED 1997 (one-digit) and 8-categories variables included ensuring comparability with previous waves.

The release includes three integrated datasets:

  • The EVS 2017 Integrated Dataset (ZA7500) contains data from 59.438 respondents and 36 countries.
  • The EVS 2017 Integrated Dataset – Matrix Design Data (ZA7502) includes data from about 10.500 respondents and the four countries (DE, IS, CH, NL) that applied the matrix design.
  • The EVS2017 Integrated Dataset – Sensitive Data (ZA7501) contains data that could not be included in the SUF because of data protection concerns. Due to the sensitive nature of the data, its use is subject to specific contractual regulations.

In addition and due to their specific samples, individual datasets for Greece (ZA7546), the Swedish minority in Finland (ZA7549), and the Hungarian minority in Romania (ZA7550) are published in the context of EVS 2017.

For more information, please go to EVS Survey 2017.

The data and documentation are accessible through the GESIS data collection at GESIS- Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences.

THIRD ITALIAN CONFERENCE OF EVS/WVS DATA USERS

The Italian team of EVS/WVS organizes the conference “Crisis after Crisis: Value Change in Italy” – Third Italian conference of EVS/WVS data users. The conference will take place on 29-30 September 2022, at the University of Bergamo. The conference will also include an international seminar on the study of values in turbolent times.

The focus of theThird Italian Conference of EVS/WVS data users: Since the beginning of the century, Italy has gone through an impressive sequence of crises on a regional as well as global scale. The economic downturn that began in 2008, the refugee crisis in the last decade, the COVID-19 pandemic, the ongoing conflict between Russia and Ukraine, just to mention the main events. Besides the social and economic impacts of the crises, it is essential to study changes and possible impacts on values and attitudes. The conference aims to discuss value change in Italy – also from a comparative perspective by considering different domains – and offer an opportunity for scholars studying the Italian case on the basis of EVS and WVS data to meet.


Call for papers The conference aims to gather methodologically high-quality, theoretically based contributions using EVS and WVS data. Presentations combining EVS, WVS and other data are also welcome. The call asks for a special emphasis on Italy: comparative and longitudinal contributions are encouraged. The conference welcomes presentations on any values domain, as well as methodological contributions.


Deadlines Abstracts no longer than 500 words should be submitted to the organizing committee (italy.values@gmail.com) by 20 June 2022. Abstracts may be in English or Italian and should be accompanied by 5 keywords. Authors will be notified by the organizing committee concerning the selection of the presentations by 30 June 2022. For any further information, please contact italy.values@gmail.com or visit https://www.spstrend.it/

Organizing Committee Ferruccio Biolcati Rinaldi (University of Milan) Vera Lomazzi (University of Bergamo) Ruud Luijkx (Tilburg University, University of Trento) Giancarlo Rovati (Catholic University of Milan)

Advisory Committee Rita Bichi (Catholic University of Milan) Ferruccio Biolcati Rinaldi (University of Milan) Antonio M. Chiesi (University of Milan) Vera Lomazzi (University of Bergamo) Ruud Luijkx (Tilburg University, University of Trento) Marco Maraffi (University of Milan) Giancarlo Rovati (Catholic University of Milan) Paolo Segatti (University of Milan)

Read the full call for abstracts for more information:

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