How have these value systems fared over the past 40 years? Is the vision of democracy as the best political system shared by all countries? Do age, gender, social class and beliefs have an impact on value systems? Are there differences between the major regions of the continent? This highly accessible book analyzes these data and presents the results in some fifteen chapters organized around the question of social ties and political values, followed by an analysis through the prism of social groups. The book debunks a number of stereotypes, relativizes many commonplaces conveyed by the media – the disenchantment of the police, the stalling of the social ladder, the alleged poor integration of immigrants – and provides a better understanding of the evolution of opinions and values on the European continent.
Authors: Chloé Alexandre, Camille Bedock, Pierre Bréchon, Bruno Cautrès, Claude Dargent, Bernard Denni, Nathalie Dompnier, Abel François, Olivier Galland, Gilles Ivaldi, Cyril Jayet, Raul Magni‑Berton, Max‑Valentin Robert, Jean‑François Tchernia, Vincent Tournier.
The introduction, has been made available in English by the editor of the book, Pierre Brèchon.
The EVS Webinar Series is a regular activity aimed at offering occasions for scientific exchange among values scholars. The focus of the series is the discussion over topical issues related to European values.
The Friedrich Ebert Stiftung released a study carried out by Pierre Brechon on French Values.
Three the main highlights:
Social cohesion is based on a solid foundation of values: tolerance and old-ruism have increased over the years, social participation, trust in others and xenophobia remain stable
Attitudes characterised by individualisation are increasing in all areas of life (family, society, religion, work, politics), but do not lead to social egoism.
A mixed picture emerges with regard to attitudes towards democracy: Despite a clear commitment to representative democracy, alternative or authoritarian political systems are becoming increasingly popularAttitudes characterised by individualisation are increasing in all areas of life (family, society, religion, work, politics), but do not lead to social egoism. The paper can be downloaded here (German).
EVS was conducted in France by some twenty researchers from several social science laboratories, gathered in the Association pour la recherche sur les systèmes de valeurs (Arval). The Pacte Laboratory (Sciences Po Grenoble, CNRS, UGA) was responsible for steering the project. The main random sample consists of 1,870 people, residing in France, aged 18 and over, plus an additional sample of 721 young people aged 18 to 29 selected by quota. The face-to-face interviews were conducted by the Kantar Public Institute from March to August 2018.
The French survey benefited from numerous partnerships: the TGIR Progedo (CNRS-EHESS), the Institut national de la jeunesse et de l’éducation populaire (Injep), the Service d’information du gouvernement (SIG), France Stratégie, EDF, the Caisse nationale des allocations familiales (CNAF), the Fédération internationale des universités catholiques (FIUC), Sciences Po Paris (FNSP) and Sciences Po Grenoble (Pacte).